letterpress printing, also called Relief Printing, or Typographic Printing, in commercial printing, process by which many copies of an image are produced by repeated direct impression of an inked, raised surface against sheets or gots approved printing
roll of paper. Letterpress is the oldest of the traditional printing techniques and remained the only important one from the time of Gutenberg, about 1450, until the development of late in the 18th century and, especially,
Originally the ink-bearing surface for printing a page of text was assembled from individual types by a typesetter or compositor, letter by letter and line by line. The first keyboard- machines, the and the q.v.), were introduced in the 1890s. If only a small number of copies is to be made, printing can from the hand- or machine-set blocks of type assembled in forms, but for long press runs, duplicates (qq.v.)—are made to prevent wear and damage of the expensive types.